ACTIVITY RECOGNITION FOR AMBIENT SENSING DATA AND RULE BASED ANOMALY DETECTION
After a brief look at the smart home, we conclude that to have a smart home, and it is necessary to have an intelligent management center. In this article, We have tried to make it possible for the smart home management center to be able to detect the presence of an abnormal state in the behavior of someone who lives in the house. In the proposed method, the daily algorithm examines the rate of changes of a person and provides a number which is henceforth called NNC (Number of normal changes) based on the person’s behavioral changes. We achieve the NNC number using a machine learning algorithm and performing a series of several simple statistical and mathematical calculations. NNC is a number that shows abnormal changes in residents’ behaviors in a smart home, i.e., this number is a small number for a regular person with constant planning and for a person who may not have any fixed principles and regular in personal life is a big number.To increase our accuracy in calculating NNC, we review all common machine learning algorithms and after tests we choose the decision tree because of its higher accuracy and speed and finally, NNC number is obtained by combining the Decision Tree algorithm with statistical and mathematical methods. In this method, we present a set of states and information obtained from the sensors along with the activities performed by the occupant of the house over a period of several days to the proposed algorithm. and the method ahead generates the main NNC number for those days for anyone living in a smart home. To generate this main NNC, we calculate each person’s daily NNC. That means we have daily NNCs for each person (based on his/her behaviors on that day) and the main NNC is the average of these daily NNC. We chose ARAS dataset (Human Activity Datasets in Multiple Homes with Multiple Residents) to implement our method and after tests and replications on the ARAS dataset, and to find anomalies in each person’s behavior in a day, we compare the main (average) NNC with that person’s daily NNC on that day. Finally, we can say, if the main NNC changes more than 30%, there is a possibility of an abnormality. and if the NNC changes more than 60% percent, we can say that an abnormal state or an uncommon event happened that day, and a declaration of an abnormal state will be issued to the resident of the house.