Stability evaluation and potential failure process of rock slopes characterized by non-persistent fractures

Zhang, Wen; Wang, Jia; Xu, Peihua; Lou, Junqing; Shan, Bo; Wang, Fengyan; Cao, Chen; Chen, Xiaoxue; Que, Jinsheng

Slope failure, which causes destructive damage and fatalities, is extremely common in mountainous areas. Therefore, the stability and potential failure of slopes must be analysed accurately. For most fractured rock slopes, the complexity and random distribution of structural fractures make the aforementioned analyses considerably challenging for engineers and geologists worldwide. This study aims to solve this problem by proposing a comprehensive approach that combines the discrete fracture network (DFN) modelling technique, the synthetic rock mass (SRM) approach, and statistical analysis. Specifically, a real fractured rock slope in Laohuding Quarry in Jixian County, China, is studied to show this comprehensive approach. DFN simulation is performed to generate non-persistent fractures in the cross section of the slope. Subsequently, the SRM approach is applied to simulate the slope model using 2D particle flow code software (PFC2D). A stability analysis is carried out based on the improved gravity increase method, emphasizing the effect of stress concentration throughout the formation of the critical slip surface. The collapse, rotation, and fragmentation of blocks and the accumulation distances are evaluated in the potential failure process of the rock slope. A total of 100 slope models generated with different DFN models are used to repeat the aforementioned analyses as a result of a high degree of variability in DFN simulation. The critical slip surface, factor of safety, and accumulation distance are selected by statistical analysis for safety assurance in slope analysis and support.



Zhang, Wen / Wang, Jia / Xu, Peihua / et al: Stability evaluation and potential failure process of rock slopes characterized by non-persistent fractures. 2020. Copernicus Publications.


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