Wet–dry status change in global closed basins between the mid-Holocene and the Last Glacial Maximum and its implication for future projection

Zhang, Xinzhong; Li, Yu; Ye, Wangting; Peng, Simin; Zhang, Yuxin; Liu, Hebin; Li, Yichan; Han, Qin; Xu, Lingmei

Closed basins, mainly located in subtropical and temperate drylands, have experienced alarming declines in water storage in recent years. An assessment of long-term hydroclimate change in those regions remains unquantified at a global scale as of yet. By integrating lake records, PMIP3–CMIP5 simulations and modern observations, we assess the wet–dry status of global closed basins during the Last Glacial Maximum, mid-Holocene, pre-industrial, and 20th and 21st century periods. Results show comparable patterns of general wetter climate during the mid-Holocene and near-future warm period, mainly attributed to the boreal summer and winter precipitation increasing, respectively. The long-term pattern of moisture change is highly related to the high-latitude ice sheets and low-latitude solar radiation, which leads to the poleward moving of westerlies and strengthening of monsoons during the interglacial period. However, modern moisture changes show correlations with El Niño–Southern Oscillation in most closed basins, such as the opposite significant correlations between North America and southern Africa and between central Eurasia and Australia, indicating strong connection with ocean oscillation. The strategy for combating future climate change should be more resilient to diversified hydroclimate responses in different closed basins.

Zitieren

Zitierform:

Zhang, Xinzhong / Li, Yu / Ye, Wangting / et al: Wet–dry status change in global closed basins between the mid-Holocene and the Last Glacial Maximum and its implication for future projection. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

Zugriffsstatistik

Gesamt:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:
12 Monate:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:

Grafik öffnen

Rechte

Rechteinhaber: Xinzhong Zhang et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung:

Export