Roles of climate variability on the rapid increases of early winter haze pollution in North China after 2010

Zhang, Yijia; Yin, Zhicong; Wang, Huijun

North China experiences severe haze pollution in early winter, resulting in many premature deaths and considerable economic losses. The number of haze days in early winter (December and January) in North China (inline-formulaHDNC) increased rapidly after 2010 but declined slowly before 2010, reflecting a trend reversal. Global warming and emissions were two fundamental drivers of the long-term increasing trend of haze, but no studies have focused on this trend reversal. The autumn sea surface temperature (SST) in the Pacific and Atlantic, Eurasian snow cover and central Siberian soil moisture, which exhibited completely opposite trends before and after 2010, might have close relationships with identical trends of meteorological conditions related to haze pollution in North China. Numerical experiments with a fixed emission level confirmed the physical relationships between the climate drivers and inline-formulaHDNC during both decreasing and increasing periods. These external drivers induced a larger decreasing trend of inline-formulaHDNC than the observations, and combined with the persistently increasing trend of anthropogenic emissions, resulted in a realistic, slowly decreasing trend. However, after 2010, the increasing trends driven by these climate divers and human emissions jointly led to a rapid increase in inline-formulaHDNC.

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Zhang, Yijia / Yin, Zhicong / Wang, Huijun: Roles of climate variability on the rapid increases of early winter haze pollution in North China after 2010. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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