Epoch-by-epoch estimation and analysis of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) receiver differential code biases with the additional BDS-3 observations

Wang, Qisheng; Jin, Shuanggen; Hu, Youjian

The differential code bias (DCB) of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is an important error source in ionospheric modeling, which was generally estimated as constants every day. However, the receiver DCB may be changing due to the varying spatial environments and temperatures. In this paper, a method based on the global ionospheric map (GIM) of the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) is presented to estimate the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) receiver DCB with epoch-by-epoch estimates. The BDS receiver DCBs are analyzed from 30 d of Multi-GNSS Experiment observations. The comparison of estimated receiver DCB of BDS with the DCB provided by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) shows a good agreement. The root-mean-square (rms) values of receiver DCB are 0.43 and 0.80 ns with respect to the DLR and CAS estimates, respectively. In terms of the intraday variability of receiver DCB, most of the receiver DCBs show relative stability within 1 d with the intraday standard deviation (SD) of less than 1 ns. However, larger fluctuations with more than 2 ns of intraday receiver DCB are found. Besides, the intraday stability of receiver DCB calculated by the third-generation BDS (BDS-3) and the second-generation BDS (BDS-2) observations is compared. The result shows that the intraday stability of BDS-3 receiver DCB is better than that of BDS-2 receiver DCB.

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Wang, Qisheng / Jin, Shuanggen / Hu, Youjian: Epoch-by-epoch estimation and analysis of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) receiver differential code biases with the additional BDS-3 observations. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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