Solar radiometer sensing of multi-year aerosol features over a tropical urban station: direct-Sun and inversion products

Vijayakumar, Katta; Devara, Panuganti C. S.; Sonbawne, Sunil M.; Giles, David M.; Holben, Brent N.; Rao, Sarangam Vijaya Bhaskara; Jayasankar, Chalicheemalapalli K.

The AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) is the most developed ground-based network for aerosol remote sensing and has been playing a significant role not only in monitoring air quality for protecting human health but also in assessing the radiative budget of our planet Earth. In this paper, we report the direct-Sun and inversion products, comprising of spectral variation of aerosol optical depth (AOD), associated Ångström exponent (AE), fine- and coarse-mode aerosol fractions, aerosol size distribution (ASD), refractive index (RI), asymmetry parameter (AP), single scattering albedo (SSA), aerosol radiative forcing (ARF) and columnar concentration of gas constituents such as water vapor (inline-formulaH2O), obtained from a Cimel Sun–sky radiometer, functioning in Pune, India, under the AERONET program since October 2004. These long-term measurements carried out from 2005 to 2015 could serve as an urban aerosol optical long-term average or climatology. The AOD long-term variations at all wavelengths, considered in the study, exhibited an increasing trend, implying year-to-year enhancement in aerosol loading. The mean seasonal variations in AOD from cloud-free days indicated greater values during the monsoon season, revealing dominance of hygroscopic aerosol particles over the station. Contribution by different aerosol types to AOD has also been deduced and discussed, and dominance of a mixed type of aerosols (44.85 %) found, followed by combination of biomass burning and urban industrial aerosols (22.57 %) compared to other types of aerosols during the study period. The long-term datasets, derived aerosol and trace gas products play a significant role in understanding aerosol climate forcing, trends and evaluation of regional air pollution and validation of aerosol transport models over the study region.



Vijayakumar, Katta / Devara, Panuganti C. S. / Sonbawne, Sunil M. / et al: Solar radiometer sensing of multi-year aerosol features over a tropical urban station: direct-Sun and inversion products. 2020. Copernicus Publications.


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Rechteinhaber: Katta Vijayakumar et al.

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