AUTOMATED LAND COVER CHANGE DETECTION THROUGH RAPID UAS UPDATES OF DIGITAL SURFACE MODELS
Up to date geospatial data provide the foundation for the development of smart and connected communities. While high-resolution 2D imagery is becoming widely available at less than monthly intervals and several infrastructure layers (e.g., roads, building footprints) are updated on a continuous basis, digital surface models (DSM) are generated less frequently and become quickly obsolete in rapidly developing regions. We present a methodology for continuous and efficient updates of DSM based on automated change detection from high-resolution satellite imagery that is used to develop UAS deployment plan, data acquisition, and DSM generation for targeted areas. The resulting UAS-derived DSM is then seamlessly fused with existing (usually lidar-based) DSM. We demonstrate our methodology in a rapidly developing watershed in the Triangle Region, North Carolina. The change detection maps were created using pixel-based classification methods on monthly composite data generated from PlanetScope satellites (3m resolution) as input for UAS flight planning, data acquisition, and processing. In future work a GRASS GIS script using a moving window resampling process will create flight areas to resample the change detection output into 10 acres flight areas for the UAS flight planning software, and a plugin for WebODM will be developed using GRASS GIS to enable seamless updates to centralized repositories of DSM.