COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF URBAN THERMAL ENVIRONMENT – A CASE STUDY OF QINGDAO，CHINA
The thermal environment is an important part of spatial planning of national land. It can be inverted by thermal infrared remote sensing image data. Qingdao is an important coastal city in China which is effected by the urban heat island. The driving factors of urban thermal environment in Qingdao are analysed by using Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS images, DMSP/OLS data, ZY-3 images, statistical data et al. Firstly, the urban heat island information in different periods are retrieved by Landsat8 TIRS by the surface temperature. On this basis, the coupling analysis of the characteristics of vegetation cover, water, land use type, night light, urban impervious surface, transportation, change density and other factors that related to spatial planning of national land and the change of thermal environment is completed from two dimensions of time and space. At the same time, according to the spatial distribution of the heat island evolution, with the aim of improving the thermal environment and optimizing the urban spatial layout of Qingdao, the paper puts forward reasonable suggestions and improvement strategies, and provides basic reference data for the development of urban heat island governance and land development and utilization.