EVALUATING STEREO DTM QUALITY AT JEZERO CRATER, MARS WITH HRSC, CTX, AND HIRISE IMAGES
We have used a high-precision, high-resolution digital terrain model (DTM) of the NASA Mars 2020 rover Perseverance landing site in Jezero crater based on mosaicked images from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (MRO HiRISE) camera as a reference dataset to evaluate DTMs based on Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera (MEX HRSC) and MRO Context camera (CTX) images. Results are consistent with our earlier HRSC-HiRISE comparisons at the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity landing site in Gale crater, confirming that those results were not compromised by the small area compared and potential problems with spatial registration. Specifically, height errors are on the order of half a pixel and correspond to an image matching error of 0.2–0.3 pixel but estimates of horizontal resolution are 10–20 pixels. Products from the HRSC team pipeline at DLR are smoother but more precise vertically than those produced by using the commercial stereo package SOCET SET®. The DLR products are also homogenous in quality, whereas the SOCET products are less smoothed and have higher errors in rougher terrain. Despite this weak variation, our results are consistent with a rule of thumb of 0.2–0.3 pixel matching precision based on many prior studies. Horizontal resolution is significantly coarser than the DTM ground sample distance (GSD), which is typically 3–5 pixels.