AUTOMATIC EVALUATION OF THE INITIAL GEOPOSITIONING ACCURACY FOR LARGE AREA PLANETARY REMOTE SENSING IMAGES
The photogrammetric processing of large area planetary remote sensing images is still a very challenging work. In addition to the lack of ground control data and poor tie points extraction, the insufficient knowledge of the initial geopositioning accuracy of the planetary images also increases the difficulty of processing. This paper presents an automatic evaluation method of the initial geopositioning accuracy for large area planetary remote sensing images. The accuracy evaluation method was conducted through image matching on approximate orthophotos derived using coarse resolution digital elevation model (DEM). To improve the orthophotos generation efficiency of linear pushbroom images, a fast ground-to-image transformation algorithm and multi-threaded parallel computing are adopted. The classical normalized cross correlation (NCC) and pyramid matching schemes are used to perform image matching between overlapping orthophotos. Because the conjugate points on orthophotos contain geographic coordinates, we can derive the statistics information (e.g., maximum errors, mean errors and standard deviation) about the geopositioning accuracy of the planetary images. Although it’s actually an evaluation result of relative accuracy, the quantitative geopositioning accuracy information of stereopairs can be used to (1) specify the search window size and the starting position of conjugate points for tie points extraction; (2) set the weight value of bundle adjustment; and (3) identify images with abnormal geopositioning accuracy. Tens of Mars Express (MEX) High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) images were used to conduct the test. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method shows high computational efficiency and automation degree. The automatic evaluation of the initial geopositioning accuracy of the planetary images is helpful to produce large area planetary mapping products.