MODELLING LAND-USE REGULATION CONFLICTS WITH 3D COMPONENTS TO SUPPORT ISSUING A BUILDING PERMIT
Cities are facing important challenges due to population growth and massive development of high-rises and complex structures above and below the ground surface. In that respect, having an efficient land-use regulation framework in force is necessary for cities. In investigating current practices for processing spatial data when issuing building permits, in many cases, the planned building is drawn on 2D plans with cross-sections to represent their 3D dimensions. In complex multilevel developments, this method has significant shortcomings like the requirement of managing numerous plans and sections, and uncertainty in decisions more specifically when checking land-use regulations comprising 3D components (e.g. height limits, overhanging objects, solar rights). In order to support issuing a building permit and moving towards the establishment of 3D smart cities, this paper presents an inventory for land-use regulations with 3D components and functional classification of their possible conflicts. Two functional classifications of possible conflicts in a building permit process from two points of view (i.e. data integration process, and magnitude of land-use regulation conflicts) are proposed. These results are placed in the context of having 3D city models that integrate land-use regulation information.