Extreme hydrological phenomena in the forest steppe and steppe zones of Ukraine under the climate change

Ovcharuk, Valeriya; Gopchenko, Eugene; Kichuk, Nataliya; Shakirzanova, Zhannetta; Kushchenko, Liliia; Myroschnichenko, Mariia

Nowadays, during the period of the global climate change, scientists around the world have noticed an increased incidence of extreme natural disasters. The authors of the study suggested methods of using climate change as a part of a genetic model of maximal floods runoff. This model makes possible the introducing of “climate changes” directly through the maximal stocks of snow and precipitation during the spring flood and runoff coefficients. The object of study is the basin of the Southern Bug – one of the largest rivers in Ukraine, which flows within two geographical zones – forest-steppe and steppe. Overall results using scenario RCP 4.5 showed a decrease of runoff by the end of 2050 from 20 % in the north part of the basin (the forest-steppe zone) to 50 % – in the south (the steppe part of basin). On the other hand, the characteristics of minimal river flow in the Southern Bug basin – winter and summer low waters had been analyzed. One option for low water flow simulation is to study the connection between the drought index (e.g. SPEI) and the minimal water. Studies show that such correlation exists, so knowing the forecast of drought index it is possible to project the value of minimal water discharge, which is the object of the research.

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Ovcharuk, Valeriya / Gopchenko, Eugene / Kichuk, Nataliya / et al: Extreme hydrological phenomena in the forest steppe and steppe zones of Ukraine under the climate change. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Valeriya Ovcharuk et al.

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