Theoretical infrared spectra of OH defects in corundum ( α-Al 2O 3)

Balan, Etienne

The atomic-scale structure, relative stability and infrared spectroscopic properties of OH defects in corundum (inline-formulaα-inline-formulaAl2O3) are theoretically investigated at the density functional theory level. Comparison with experimental data makes it possible to assign most of the narrow bands observed between 3150 and 3400 inline-formulacm−1 in natural and Ti- or V-doped synthetic corundum to specific defects. These defects correspond to the association of one OH group with an Al vacancy and inline-formulaM4+ for inline-formulaAl3+ substitutions in neighboring sites. The OH group is located in the large oxygen triangle forming the base of the vacant Al site. Models of interstitial proton associated with a nearby inline-formulaMg2+ for inline-formulaAl3+ substitution are consistent with the broad band observed at 3010 inline-formulacm−1 in Mg-doped corundum. Its is also suggested that two weaker OH-stretching bands observed in nominally pure synthetic corundum at 3163 and 3209 inline-formulacm−1 could be associated with intrinsic defects combining an Al and an O vacancy. These results highlight the importance of defect clustering in the high-temperature incorporation of hydrogen in nominally anhydrous minerals.

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Balan, Etienne: Theoretical infrared spectra of OH defects in corundum (α-Al2O3). 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Etienne Balan

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