Transverse jointing in foreland fold-and-thrust belts: a remote sensing analysis in the eastern Pyrenees

Tavani, Stefano; Granado, Pablo; Corradetti, Amerigo; Seers, Thomas; Casas, Josep Maria; Muñoz, Josep Anton

Joint systems in the eastern portion of the Ebro Basin of the eastern Pyrenees enjoy near continuous exposure from the frontal portion of the belt up to the external portion of its associated foredeep. Utilizing orthophoto mosaics of these world-class exposures, we have manually digitized over 30 000 joints within a 16 kminline-formula×50 km study area. The mapped traces exhibit orientations that are dominantly perpendicular to the trend of the belt (transverse) and, subordinately, parallel to the belt (longitudinal). In particular, joints systematically orient perpendicular to the trend of the belt both in the frontal folds and in the inner and central portion of the foredeep basin. Longitudinal joints occur rarely with a disordered spatial distribution, exhibiting null difference in abundance between the belt and the foredeep. Joint orientations in the external portion of the foredeep become less clustered, with adjacent areas dominated by either transverse or oblique joints. Our data indicate that joints in the studied area formed in the foredeep in response to a foredeep-parallel stretching, which becomes progressively less intense within the external portion of the foredeep. There, the minimum stress direction becomes more variable, providing evidence of the poor contribution of the forebulge-perpendicular stretching on stress organization.

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Tavani, Stefano / Granado, Pablo / Corradetti, Amerigo / et al: Transverse jointing in foreland fold-and-thrust belts: a remote sensing analysis in the eastern Pyrenees. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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