INTRA- AND INTER-ANNUAL TRENDS OF SUN-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE (SIF) FOR CONTRASTING VEGETATION TYPES OF INDIA
The photosynthesis governs productivity and health of the forests. Traditionally, remote sensing derived reflectance measures have been used to assess forest phenology, productivity and stress. The chlorophyll pigments absorb solar radiation, and emit fluorescence in far red region of electromagnetic spectrum. Chlorophyll fluorescence directly relates to the photosynthetic activity of the plants. Measurement of chlorophyll fluorescence from space has recently been achieved in the form of Sun-Induced Fluorescence (SIF). But SIF response have been found variable with respect to variation in vegetation type, hence, there is a need to study SIF response of tropical forests of India considering their wide extent, contribution to national carbon cycle and climate resilience. In this study, intra- and inter-annual GOME-2 and OCO-2 SIF responses of contrasting Indian tropical forest types viz., dry deciduous (Betul, Madhya Pradesh), moist deciduous (Kalahandi, Orissa) and wet evergreen forests (Uttara Kannada, Karnataka) has been investigated with respect to rainfall, NDVI and GPP trends. The results show that dry, moist and wet forests of India have differences in photosynthetic activity at intra- and inter-annual scale. GOME-2 SIF observations were more variables than OCO-2 SIF, particularly during green-up and senescence phase. SIF explained higher seasonality for dry deciduous followed by moist deciduous and wet evergreen. Annually integrated SIF (proxy of GPP) was in order: wet evergreen > moist deciduous > dry deciduous.