Alluvial cover on bedrock channels: applicability of existing models

Mishra, Jagriti; Inoue, Takuya

Several studies have demonstrated the importance of alluvial cover; furthermore, several mathematical models have also been introduced to predict the alluvial cover on bedrock channels. Here, we provide an extensive review of research exploring the relationship between alluvial cover, sediment supply and bed topography of bedrock channels, describing various mathematical models used to analyse the deposition of alluvium. To test one-dimensional theoretical models, we performed a series of laboratory-scale experiments with varying bed roughness under simple conditions without bar formation. Our experiments show that alluvial cover is not merely governed by increasing sediment supply and that bed roughness is an important controlling factor of alluvial cover. A comparison between the experimental results and the five theoretical models shows that (#Ch1.E11) two simple models that calculate alluvial cover as a linear or exponential function of the ratio of the sediment supplied to the capacity of the channel produce good results for rough bedrock beds but not for smoother bedrock beds; (#Ch1.E22) two roughness models which include changes in roughness with alluviation and a model including the probability of sediment accumulation can accurately predict alluvial cover in both rough and smooth beds; and (#Ch1.E33), however, except for a model using the observed hydraulic roughness, it is necessary to adjust model parameters even in a straight channel without bars.

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Mishra, Jagriti / Inoue, Takuya: Alluvial cover on bedrock channels: applicability of existing models. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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