A compact, high-purity source of HONO validated by Fourier transform infrared and thermal-dissociation cavity ring-down spectroscopy

Gingerysty, Nicholas J.; Osthoff, Hans D.

A well-characterized source of nitrous acid vapour (HONO) is essential for accurate ambient air measurements by instruments requiring external calibration. In this work, a compact HONO source is described in which gas streams containing dilute concentrations of HONO are generated by flowing hydrochloric acid (HCl) vapour emanating from a permeation tube over continuously agitated dry sodium nitrite (inline-formulaNaNO2) heated to 50 inline-formulaC. Mixing ratios of HONO and potential by-products including NO, inline-formulaNO2, and nitrosyl chloride (ClNO) were quantified by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and thermal-dissociation cavity ring-down spectroscopy (TD-CRDS). A key parameter is the concentration of HCl, which needs to be kept small (inline-formula<4 ppmv) to avoid ClNO formation. The source produces gas streams containing HONO in air in inline-formula>95 % purity relative to other nitrogen oxides. The source output is rapidly tuneable and stabilizes within 90 min. Combined with its small size and portability, this source is highly suitable for calibration of HONO instruments in the field.

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Gingerysty, Nicholas J. / Osthoff, Hans D.: A compact, high-purity source of HONO validated by Fourier transform infrared and thermal-dissociation cavity ring-down spectroscopy. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Nicholas J. Gingerysty

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