Dynamic model of photovoltaic module temperature as a function of atmospheric conditions

Barry, James; Böttcher, Dirk; Pfeilsticker, Klaus; Herman-Czezuch, Anna; Kimiaie, Nicola; Meilinger, Stefanie; Schirrmeister, Christopher; Deneke, Hartwig; Witthuhn, Jonas; Gödde, Felix

The temperature of photovoltaic modules is modelled as a dynamic function of ambient temperature, shortwave and longwave irradiance and wind speed, in order to allow for a more accurate characterisation of their efficiency. A simple dynamic thermal model is developed by extending an existing parametric steady-state model using an exponential smoothing kernel to include the effect of the heat capacity of the system. The four parameters of the model are fitted to measured data from three photovoltaic systems in the Allgäu region in Germany using non-linear optimisation. The dynamic model reduces the root-mean-square error between measured and modelled module temperature to 1.58 K on average, compared to 3.03 K for the steady-state model, whereas the maximum instantaneous error is reduced from 20.02 to 6.58 K.

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Barry, James / Böttcher, Dirk / Pfeilsticker, Klaus / et al: Dynamic model of photovoltaic module temperature as a function of atmospheric conditions. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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