Identification, molecular characteristics, and tissue differential expression of DGAT2 full-CDS cDNA sequence in Binglangjiang buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis)

Zhou, Fangting; Zhang, Yongyun; Teng, Xiaohong; Miao, Yongwang

It has been found that diacylglycerol acyltransferase-2 (DGAT2) plays a crucial role in the synthesis of triglycerides (TGs) in some mammals, but its role in buffalo lactation is unclear. In the present study, the DGAT2 full-CDS cDNA sequence of Binglangjiang buffalo was isolated, and the physicochemical characteristics and structure of its encoding protein were characterized. Furthermore, the differential expressions of this gene in 10 tissues of lactating and non-lactating buffalo were analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The results showed that the coding region (CDS) of this gene was 1086 bp in length, encoding a peptide composed of 361 amino acid residues. The deduced amino acid sequence shared more than 98.6 % identity with that of cattle, zebu, yak, and bison in the Bovidae family. Buffalo DGAT2 protein is a slightly hydrophobic protein with a transmembrane region, which functions in membrane of endoplasmic reticulum. Besides, this protein belongs to the LPLAT_MGAT-like family and contains a conserved domain of DAGAT that has a function in the synthesis of TGs. The multi-tissue differential expression analysis demonstrated that DGAT2 was expressed in the heart, liver, mammary gland, and muscle in both non-lactating and lactating buffalo. And its expression level in the heart, liver, and mammary gland during lactation was significantly higher than that during non-lactation. The results indicate that buffalo DGAT2 may be involved in milk fat synthesis. This study can establish a foundation for further elucidating mechanisms of the buffalo DGAT2 gene in milk fat synthesis.

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Zhou, Fangting / Zhang, Yongyun / Teng, Xiaohong / et al: Identification, molecular characteristics, and tissue differential expression of DGAT2 full-CDS cDNA sequence in Binglangjiang buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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