Analysis of land subsidence changes on the Beijing Plain from 2004 to 2015

Guo, Lin; Gong, Huili; Li, Xiaojuan; Zhu, Lin; Lv, Wei; Lyu, Mingyuan

Land subsidence, as a surface response to the development, utilization and evolution of underground space, has become a global and multidisciplinary complex geological environment problem. Since the 1960s, land subsidence has been developing rapidly in the Beijing Plain area. Against the backdrop of the integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei in addition to “southern water” (South-to-North Water Diversion Project, SNWDP) entering Beijing, the systematic study of the evolution mechanism of land subsidence is of great significance for the sustainable development of the regional economy. Firstly, this study used ENVISAT ASAR and RADARSAT-2 data to obtain surface deformation information for the Beijing Plain area from 2004 to 2015 and then verified the results. Secondly, the study area was divided into units using a inline-formula960 m×960 m grid, and the ground settlement rate of each grid unit from 2004 to 2015 was obtained. Finally, the Mann–Kendall test was performed on the grid to obtain the mutation information for each grid unit. Combined with hydrogeology and basic geological conditions, we have attempted to analyze the causes of the mutations in the grid. The results show that 2347 grid cells were mutated in a single year, with most of these distributed across the Yongding River alluvial fan and the middle and lower parts of the Chaobai River alluvial fan. A total of 1128 grid cells were mutated in multiple years, with the majority of these cells mainly distributed across the upper-middle area of the alluvial fan, near the emergency water source and at the edge of the groundwater funnel. This study aims to provide favorable technical support and a scientific basis for urban construction in Beijing.

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Guo, Lin / Gong, Huili / Li, Xiaojuan / et al: Analysis of land subsidence changes on the Beijing Plain from 2004 to 2015. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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