Assessing the annual risk of vehicles being hit by a rainfall-induced landslide: a case study on Kennedy Road in Wan Chai, Hong Kong

Lu, Meng; Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Lulu; Zhang, Limin

Landslides threaten the safety of vehicles on highways. When analyzing the risk of a landslide hitting moving vehicles, the spacing between vehicles and the types of vehicles on the highway can be highly uncertain and have often been omitted in previous studies. Using a highway slope in Hong Kong as a case study, this paper presents a method for assessing the risk of moving vehicles being hit by a rainfall-induced landslide; this method also allows for the possible number of different types of vehicles hit by the landslide to be investigated. In this case study, the annual failure probability of the slope is analyzed based on historical slope failure data from Hong Kong. The spatial impact of the landslide is evaluated based on an empirical run-out prediction model. The consequences of the landslide are assessed using probabilistic modeling of the traffic, which can consider uncertainties in the vehicle spacing, vehicle types and slope failure time. Using the suggested method, the expected annual number of vehicles and people hit by the landslide can be conveniently calculated. This method can also be used to derive the cumulative frequency–number of fatalities curve for societal risk assessment. Using the suggested method, the effect of factors like the annual failure probability of the slope and the density of vehicles on the risk level of the slope can be conveniently assessed. The method described in this paper can provide a new guideline for highway slope design in terms of managing the risk of landslides hitting moving vehicles.

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Lu, Meng / Zhang, Jie / Zhang, Lulu / et al: Assessing the annual risk of vehicles being hit by a rainfall-induced landslide: a case study on Kennedy Road in Wan Chai, Hong Kong. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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