Application of the multi-field coupling enhanced heat transfer principle to the engine compartment design of clean gas bus

Ou, Jiajie; Li, Lifu

Clean gas engines, such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) engines, have high thermal loads on parts under equivalent specific combustion. This study examines the multi-field coupling enhanced heat transfer principle and its applications to the engine compartment of a typical LPG city bus. The field synergy enhanced heat transfer principle (FSP) was applied in the radiator assembly area. The FSP model yielded an optimum velocity -temperature gradient matching field that would improve convective heat transfer in this area. To strengthen the convective heat transfer ability of the limited cooling air in the cabin, temperature field homogenization (TFH) in the core flow region of the engine block area was achieved. The TFH optimization model helped minimize the temperature gradient in the core flow region and maximize it at the heat transfer boundary, and the optimum vector field and flow path were obtained. More comprehensive changes to the structural design were made according to the multi-field coupling enhanced heat transfer principles. The simulation results showed that in the comprehensive structure, the heat transfer efficiency of the radiator increased by 14.66 %, the average temperature of the air passages in the engine block area decreased by 22.23 %, and the heat dissipation coefficient of the engine body and engine cover increased by 4.60 times and 3.49 times, respectively.

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Ou, Jiajie / Li, Lifu: Application of the multi-field coupling enhanced heat transfer principle to the engine compartment design of clean gas bus. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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