Laboratory evaluation of particle-size selectivity of optical low-cost particulate matter sensors

Kuula, Joel; Mäkelä, Timo; Aurela, Minna; Teinilä, Kimmo; Varjonen, Samu; González, Óscar; Timonen, Hilkka

Low-cost particulate matter (PM) sensors have been under investigation as it has been hypothesized that the use of low-cost and easy-to-use sensors could allow cost-efficient extension of the currently sparse measurement coverage. While the majority of the existing literature highlights that low-cost sensors can indeed be a valuable addition to the list of commonly used measurement tools, it often reiterates that the risk of sensor misuse is still high and that the data obtained from the sensors are only representative of the specific site and its ambient conditions. This implies that there are underlying reasons for inaccuracies in sensor measurements that have yet to be characterized. The objective of this study is to investigate the particle-size selectivity of low-cost sensors. Evaluated sensors were Plantower PMS5003, Nova SDS011, Sensirion SPS30, Sharp GP2Y1010AU0F, Shinyei PPD42NS, and Omron B5W-LD0101. The investigation of size selectivity was carried out in the laboratory using a novel reference aerosol generation system capable of steadily producing monodisperse particles of different sizes (from inline-formula∼0.55 to 8.4 inline-formulaµm) on-line. The results of the study show that none of the low-cost sensors adhered to the detection ranges declared by the manufacturers; moreover, cursory comparison to a mid-cost aerosol size spectrometer (Grimm 1.108, 2020) indicates that the sensors can only achieve independent responses for one or two size bins, whereas the spectrometer can sufficiently characterize particles with 15 different size bins. These observations provide insight into and evidence of the notion that particle-size selectivity has an essential role in the analysis of the sources of errors in sensors.



Kuula, Joel / Mäkelä, Timo / Aurela, Minna / et al: Laboratory evaluation of particle-size selectivity of optical low-cost particulate matter sensors. 2020. Copernicus Publications.


12 Monate:

Grafik öffnen


Rechteinhaber: Joel Kuula et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung: