Analysis of the instability conditions and failure mode of a special type of translational landslide using long-term monitoring data: a case study of the Wobaoshi landslide (in Bazhong, China)

Liu, Yimin; Wang, Chenghu; Gao, Guiyun; Wang, Pu; Hou, Zhengyang; Jiao, Qisong

A translational landslide comprised of nearly horizontal sandstone and mudstone interbeds occurred in the Ba River basin of the Qinba–Longnan mountainous area. Previous studies have succeeded to some extent in investigating the formation mechanism and failure mode of this type of rainfall-induced landslide. However, it is very difficult to demonstrate and validate the previously established geomechanical model, owing to lack of landslide monitoring data. In this study, we considered a translational landslide exhibiting an unusual morphology, i.e., the Wobaoshi landslide, which occurred in Bazhong, China. First, geological conditions of this landslide were determined through field surveys, and the deformation and failure mode of the plate-shaped main bodies were analyzed. Second, long-term monitoring was performed to obtain multiparameter monitoring data (width of the crown crack, rainfall, and accumulated water pressure in cracks). Finally, an equation was developed to evaluate the critical water height of the multistage bodies, i.e., inline-formulahcr, based on the geomechanical model analysis of the multistage main sliding bodies, and the reliability of this equation was verified using long-term relevant monitoring data. Subsequently, the deformation and failure mode of the plate-shaped bodies were analyzed and investigated based on numerical simulations and calculations. Thus, the monitoring data and geomechanical model proved that the accumulated water pressure in cracks makes cracks open much wider and causes the plate-shaped bodies to creep. Simultaneously, an optimized monitoring methodology was proposed for this type of landslide. Therefore, these research findings are of reference significance for the rainfall-induced translational landslides in this area.

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Liu, Yimin / Wang, Chenghu / Gao, Guiyun / et al: Analysis of the instability conditions and failure mode of a special type of translational landslide using long-term monitoring data: a case study of the Wobaoshi landslide (in Bazhong, China). 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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