Study of electron spectral diffusion process under DNP conditions by ELDOR spectroscopy focusing on the 14N solid effect

Ramirez Cohen, Marie; Feintuch, Akiva; Goldfarb, Daniella; Vega, Shimon

Electron spectral diffusion (eSD) plays an important role in solid-state, static dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) with polarizers that have inhomogeneously broadened EPR spectra, such as nitroxide radicals. It affects the electron spin polarization gradient within the EPR spectrum during microwave irradiation and thereby determines the effectiveness of the DNP process via the so-called indirect cross-effect (iCE) mechanism. The electron depolarization profile can be measured by electron–electron double resonance (ELDOR) experiments, and a theoretical framework for deriving eSD parameters from ELDOR spectra and employing them to calculate DNP profiles has been developed. The inclusion of electron depolarization arising from the inline-formula14N solid effect (SE) has not yet been taken into account in this theoretical framework and is the subject of the present work. The inline-formula14N SE depolarization was studied using W-band ELDOR of a 0.5 mM TEMPOL solution, where eSD is negligible, taking into account the hyperfine interaction of both inline-formula14N and inline-formula1H nuclei, the long microwave irradiation applied under DNP conditions, and electron and nuclear relaxation. The results of this analysis were then used in simulations of ELDOR spectra of 10 and 20 mM TEMPOL solutions, where eSD is significant using the eSD model and the SE contributions were added ad hoc employing the inline-formula1H and inline-formula14N frequencies and their combinations, as found from the analysis of the 0.5 mM sample. This approach worked well for the 20 mM solution, where a good fit for all ELDOR spectra recorded along the EPR spectrum was obtained and the inclusion of the inline-formula14N SE mechanism improved the agreement with the experimental spectra. For the 10 mM solution, simulations of the ELDOR spectra recorded along the inline-formulagz position gave a lower-quality fit than for spectra recorded in the center of the EPR spectrum. This indicates that the simple approach we used to describe the inline-formula14N SE is limited when its contribution is relatively high as the anisotropy of its magnetic interactions was not considered explicitly.

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Ramirez Cohen, Marie / Feintuch, Akiva / Goldfarb, Daniella / et al: Study of electron spectral diffusion process under DNP conditions by ELDOR spectroscopy focusing on the 14N solid effect. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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