Brief Communication: The reliability of gas extraction techniques for analysing CH 4 and N 2O compositions in gas trapped in permafrost ice wedges

Yang, Ji-Woong; Ahn, Jinho; Iwahana, Go; Han, Sangyoung; Kim, Kyungmin; Fedorov, Alexander

Methane (inline-formulaCH4) and nitrous oxide (inline-formulaN2O) compositions in ground ice may provide information on their production mechanisms in permafrost. However, existing gas extraction methods have not been well tested. We tested conventional wet and dry gas extraction methods using ice wedges from Alaska and Siberia, finding that both methods can extract gas from the easily extractable parts of the ice (e.g. gas bubbles) and yield similar results for inline-formulaCH4 and inline-formulaN2O mixing ratios. We also found insignificant effects of microbial activity during wet extraction. However, both techniques were unable to fully extract gas from the ground ice, presumably because gas molecules adsorbed onto or enclosed in soil aggregates are not easily extractable. Estimation of gas production in a subfreezing environment of permafrost should consider such incomplete gas extraction.

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Yang, Ji-Woong / Ahn, Jinho / Iwahana, Go / et al: Brief Communication: The reliability of gas extraction techniques for analysing CH4 and N2O compositions in gas trapped in permafrost ice wedges. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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