Sensitivity study on the main tidal constituents of the Gulf of Tonkin by using the frequency-domain tidal solver in T-UGOm

Piton, Violaine; Herrmann, Marine; Lyard, Florent; Marsaleix, Patrick; Duhaut, Thomas; Allain, Damien; Ouillon, Sylvain

Consequences of tidal dynamics on hydro-sedimentary processes are a recurrent issue in estuarine and coastal processes studies, and accurate tidal solutions are a prerequisite for modeling sediment transport, especially in macro-tidal regions. The motivation for the study presented in this publication is to implement and optimize a model configuration that will satisfy this prerequisite in the frame of a larger objective in order to study the sediment dynamics and fate from the Red River Delta to the Gulf of Tonkin from a numerical hydrodynamical–sediment coupled model. Therefore, we focus on the main tidal constituents to conduct sensitivity experiments on the bathymetry and bottom friction parameterization. The frequency-domain solver available in the hydrodynamic unstructured grid model T-UGOm has been used to reduce the computational cost and allow for wider parameter explorations. Tidal solutions obtained from the optimal configuration were evaluated from tide measurements derived from satellite altimetry and tide gauges; the use of an improved bathymetry dataset and fine friction parameter adjustment significantly improved our tidal solutions. However, our experiments seem to indicate that the solution error budget is still dominated by bathymetry errors, which is the most common limitation for accurate tidal modeling.

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Piton, Violaine / Herrmann, Marine / Lyard, Florent / et al: Sensitivity study on the main tidal constituents of the Gulf of Tonkin by using the frequency-domain tidal solver in T-UGOm. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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