The potential of elastic and polarization lidars to retrieve extinction profiles

Giannakaki, Elina; Kokkalis, Panos; Marinou, Eleni; Bartsotas, Nikolaos S.; Amiridis, Vassilis; Ansmann, Albert; Komppula, Mika

A new method, called ElEx (elastic extinction), is proposed for the estimation of extinction coefficient lidar profiles using only the information provided by the elastic and polarization channels of a lidar system. The method is applicable to lidar measurements both during daytime and nighttime under well-defined aerosol mixtures. ElEx uses the particle backscatter profiles at 532 inline-formulanm and the vertically resolved particle linear depolarization ratio measurements at the same wavelength. The particle linear depolarization ratio and the lidar ratio values of pure aerosol types are also taken from literature. The total extinction profile is then estimated and compared well with Raman retrievals. In this study, ElEx was applied in an aerosol mixture of marine and dust particles at Finokalia station during the CHARADMExp campaign. Any difference between ElEx and Raman extinction profiles indicates that the nondust component could be probably attributed to polluted marine or polluted continental aerosols. Comparison with sun photometer aerosol optical depth observations is performed as well during daytime. Differences in the total aerosol optical depth are varying between 1.2 % and 72 %, and these differences are attributed to the limited ability of the lidar to correctly represent the aerosol optical properties in the near range due to the overlap problem.

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Giannakaki, Elina / Kokkalis, Panos / Marinou, Eleni / et al: The potential of elastic and polarization lidars to retrieve extinction profiles. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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