Boundary-layer separation in circular diffuser flows in the presence of an external non-uniform magnetic field

Moghimi, Seyed Morteza; Abbasi, Morteza; Khaki Jamei, Mehran; Domiri Ganji, Davood

The focus of the present work is on the investigation of the separation point and its relative location in a circular diffuser carrying incompressible laminar flow in the presence of a non-uniform external magnetic field. Two different approaches are deployed in the present analysis. In the first approach, a similarity transform is applied to reduce the momentum equation to the nonlinear ordinary differential equation (ODE). The ODE is solved by a dual integral–numerical method and the separation position is directly determined. In this combined numerical–integral methodology, the integration is applied followed by a numerical method. In the second approach, the equation is solved by the least square method (LSM), and the separation position is indirectly specified. In this study it is shown that the magnetic field intensity can be manipulated to postpone the separation such that it could be eliminated totally. Comparing the results yields a good agreement. It has been concluded that by increasing the magnetic field intensity, as the Lorentz force increases, increased shear stress on the wall and delay in the occurrence of the separation position are observed.

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Moghimi, Seyed Morteza / Abbasi, Morteza / Khaki Jamei, Mehran / et al: Boundary-layer separation in circular diffuser flows in the presence of an external non-uniform magnetic field. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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