CONSTRUCTION OF REGIONAL WEIGHTED MEAN TEMPERATURE MODEL BASED ON OPTIMIZATION BP NEURAL NETWORK
The tropospheric weighted mean temperature (Tm) is one of the key characteristic parameters in the troposphere, which plays an important role in the conversion of Zenith Wet Delay (ZWD) to atmospheric Precipitable Water Vapor (PWV). The precision of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) inversion of PWV can be significantly improved with the accurate calculation of Tm. Due to the strong nonlinear mapping ability of Back Propagation (BP) neural network, the algorithm can be used to excavate the law with massive data. In term of the nonlinear and non-stationary characteristics of GNSS precipitable water vapor, in this paper, we proposes a forecast method of GNSS precipitable water vapor based on BP neural network, which can modelling the weighted mean temperature of troposphere. The traditional BP neural network has some shortcomings, such as large amount of calculation, long training time and easy to appear “over-fitting” phenomenon and so on. In order to optimize the deficiency and numerical simulation, the three characteristic values include water vapor pressure, surface pressure and surface temperature provided are selected as input parameters, named as BP_Tm. The optimal initialization parameters of the model were obtained from the 2016 radiosonde data of 89 radiosonde stations in China, and the modeling and accuracy verification were conducted with the 2017 radiosonde data，and the accuracy of the new model was compared with the common regional Tm model. The results show the BP_Tm model has good simulation accuracy, the average deviation is −0.186K, and the root mean square error is 3.144K. When simulating the weighted mean temperature of a single station, the accuracy of the four models to simulate Tm is compared and analyzed, which the BP_Tm model can obtain good accuracy and reflect better stability and reliability.