DESIGN OF THREE-CHANNEL OPTICAL RECEIVING SYSTEM FOR DUAL-FREQUENCY LASER RADAR
There are many intertidal zones and island reefs in the coastal area, the traditional shipborne acoustic measurement method is extremely inefficient, so the coastal area three-dimensional integrated measurement has always been a difficult point in the field of remote sensing. Because the sea blue-green light window has good transparency and the laser point cloud data can quickly and accurately distinguish the characteristics of shallow sea water topography. At present, the most effective detection method for coastal areas in the world is the airborne dual-frequency laser radar detection technology, which has high measurement rate and wide coverage. The laser outputs both 1064nm and 532nm dual-wavelength laser, 1064nm laser forms sea surface echo, and 532nm laser penetrates sea water to form shallow sea and deep sea echo. However, during the propagation of seawater, the number of photon scattering increases with the increase of water depth, which will cause the attenuation of the echo signal. As a result, the detection of weak light in the large dynamic range is not high, which has been a difficult point for near-shore airborne sounding. To solve this problem, we designed a split-field, three-channel optical receiving system. The ZEMAX simulation results show that the dual-channel laser radar three-channel receiving optical system effectively reduces the optical crosstalk between the optical components and the channels, and achieves energy harvesting in different water depth channels. The structure dynamically compresses the photoelectric signal and improves the signal to noise ratio.