Improved fuzzy logic method to distinguish between meteorological and non-meteorological echoes using C-band polarimetric radar data

Zhang, Shuai; Huang, Xingyou; Min, Jinzhong; Chu, Zhigang; Zhuang, Xiaoran; Zhang, Hengheng

To obtain better performance of meteorological applications, it is necessary to distinguish radar echoes from meteorological and non-meteorological targets. After a comprehensive analysis of the computational efficiency and radar system characteristics, we propose a fuzzy logic method that is similar to the MetSignal algorithm; the performance of this method is improved significantly in weak-signal regions where polarimetric variables are severely affected by noise. In addition, post-processing is adjusted to prevent anomalous propagation at a far range from being misclassified as meteorological echo. Moreover, an additional fuzzy logic echo classifier is incorporated into post-processing to suppress misclassification in the melting layer. An independent test set is selected to evaluate algorithm performance, and the statistical results show an improvement in the algorithm performance, especially with respect to the classification of meteorological echoes in weak-signal regions.

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Zhang, Shuai / Huang, Xingyou / Min, Jinzhong / et al: Improved fuzzy logic method to distinguish between meteorological and non-meteorological echoes using C-band polarimetric radar data. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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