Magnitude correlations in a self-similar aftershock rates model of seismicity

Zambrano Moreno, Andres F.; Davidsen, Jörn

Crucial to the development of earthquake forecasting schemes is the manifestation of spatiotemporal correlations between earthquakes as highlighted, for example, by the notion of aftershocks. Here, we present an analysis of the statistical relation between subsequent magnitudes of a recently proposed self-similar aftershock rates model of seismicity, whose main distinguishing feature is that of interdependence between trigger and triggered events in terms of a time-varying frequency–magnitude distribution. By means of a particular statistical measure, we study the level of magnitude correlations under specific types of time conditioning, explain their provenance within the model framework and show that the type of null model chosen in the analysis plays a pivotal role in the type and strength of observed correlations. Specifically, we show that while the variations in the magnitude distribution can give rise to large trivial correlations between subsequent magnitudes, the non-trivial magnitude correlations are rather minimal. Simulations mimicking southern California (SC) show that these non-trivial correlations cannot be observed at the inline-formula3σ level using real-world catalogs for the magnitude of completeness as a reference. We conclude that only the time variations in the frequency–magnitude distribution might lead to significant improvements in earthquake forecasting.



Zambrano Moreno, Andres F. / Davidsen, Jörn: Magnitude correlations in a self-similar aftershock rates model of seismicity. 2020. Copernicus Publications.


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