COMPARISON AND SUITABILITY ASSESSMENT OF SLOPE CALCULATION ALGORITHMS ON DIFFERENT TERRAINS USING AERIAL SURVEY
Digital Elevation Models are one of the important datasets of any Geographic Information System (GIS) and so are the parameters derived from them. One such parameter is slope, whose accuracy can have a significant effect on many engineering and construction works. This paper addresses the eight-slope calculation methods that are currently available to calculate slope value from a DEM and compares how these methods works on different slope range and values. These methods were applied to calculate slope from DEM of 30 m. To determine the method that calculates the most accurate slope value for a particular slope range by comparing them with actual slope value is the main objective of this paper. The methods 2FD, 3FD, 3FDWRD, Average Neighborhood, Constrained Quadratic Surface and FFD has given similar results across all slope range while the algorithms that appears to yield the most varying results are Maximum Max and Simple D. In addition, it is observed that the choice of algorithms is more important when grade slope is less than 10 percent. However, for terrains with above 10 percent slope, the choice of algorithms seems less important with only a difference of approximately 0.5 gradient.