ESTIMATION OF FOREST COVERAGE IN NORTHERN REGION OF MONGOLIA USING SENTINEL AND LANDSAT DATA
This paper aims to apply Forest Index (FI) and to determine forest coverage in the study area. The study area (49° 15ʹ to 49° 10ʹ N and 104° 05ʹ to 104° 15ʹ E) is located in the northern region of Mongolia and consist of mixed forest. Larch forest (86.12%) is dominating in the study area. The Sentinel-2 satellite data for the years 2015–2019 were used in the research. The land surface temperature (LST) was produced from Landsat-8 OL. FI methodology was applied for the Sentinel data in order to estimate larch forest coverage. The output map of forest coverage was compared with ground truth measurements and thematic map. The agreement between FI map and ground measurement was 85%. LST from Landsat and FI from Sentinel were sampled in to same size. The relationship between LST (Landsat-8) and FI (Sentinel-2) was reasonable (R = 0.5). FI index and LST is applicable for different forest type in the region.