Combination of VLBI Intensive Sessions with GNSS for generating Low latency Earth Rotation Parameters

Hellmers, Hendrik; Thaller, Daniela; Bloßfeld, Mathis; Kehm, Alexander; Girdiuk, Anastasiia

The Earth Orientation Parameters (EOPs) are published by the Earth Orientation Centre of the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS). They are provided as the low-latency Bulletin A and the 30 d latency long-term EOP time series IERS 14 C04. The EOPs are a combined product derived from different geodetic space techniques, namely Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) and Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR), Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) and Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI). Since not all techniques are equally sensitive to every EOP, several parameters rely on specific observation techniques. As an example, dUT1 can only be estimated from VLBI observations. This means VLBI is an essential part of the estimation procedure for consistent EOPs.

Within this paper, we are performing a combination of two low-latency space geodetic techniques as they enable the estimation of the full set of Earth Rotation Parameters (ERPs; polar motion, dUT1 and the corresponding rates). In particular, we focus on the development of a robust combination scheme of 1 h VLBI Intensive sessions with so-called GNSS Rapid solutions on the normal equation level of the Gauß-Markov model. The aim of the study is to provide highly accurate low-latency ERPs. So far, a latency of approximately only 1–3 d cold be reached since the main limiting factor is still the latency of the input data. The mathematical background of the applied algorithm is discussed in detail and evaluated by numerical results of empirical investigations. The combination yields a numerical stabilization of the equation system as well as an improvement (reduction) of the corresponding root mean square deviation of the epoch-wise estimated parameters w.r.t. the IERS 14 C04 reference time series.

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Hellmers, Hendrik / Thaller, Daniela / Bloßfeld, Mathis / et al: Combination of VLBI Intensive Sessions with GNSS for generating Low latency Earth Rotation Parameters. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Hendrik Hellmers et al.

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