How many solar wind data are sufficient for accurate fluxgate magnetometer offset determinations?

Plaschke, Ferdinand

Accurate magnetic field measurements by fluxgate magnetometers onboard spacecraft require ground and regular in-flight calibration activities. Therewith, the parameters of a coupling matrix and an offset vector are adjusted; they are needed to transform raw magnetometer outputs into calibrated magnetic field measurements. The components of the offset vector are typically determined by analyzing Alfvénic fluctuations in the solar wind if solar wind measurements are available. These are characterized by changes in the field components, while the magnetic field modulus stays constant. In this paper, the following question is answered: how many solar wind data are sufficient for accurate fluxgate magnetometer offset determinations? It is found that approximately inline-formula40 h of solar wind data are sufficient to achieve offset accuracies of inline-formula0.2 nT, and about 20 h suffice for accuracies of 0.3 nT or better if the magnetometer offsets do not drift within these time intervals and if the spacecraft fields do not vary at the sensor position. Offset determinations with uncertainties lower than 0.1 nT, however, would require at least hundreds of hours of solar wind data.

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Zitierform:

Plaschke, Ferdinand: How many solar wind data are sufficient for accurate fluxgate magnetometer offset determinations?. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Ferdinand Plaschke

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