Estimation of near-surface attenuation in the tectonically complex contact area of the northwestern External Dinarides and the Adriatic foreland

Markušić, Snježana; Stanko, Davor; Korbar, Tvrtko; Sović, Ivica

Seismically induced ground motion at a site is generally influenced by the seismic source, the propagation path and the local site conditions. Over the last several decades, researchers have consistently asserted that for near-site attenuation, the spectral parameter κ is subject primarily to the site conditions. In this research, we estimated the parameter κ based on the acceleration amplitude spectrum of shear waves from local earthquakes recorded by seismological stations situated in the western part of Croatia from the slope of the high-frequency part. The spatial distribution of κ values is comparable with seismological, geophysical and geological features, with the published coda-Q values for each station as well as with the isoseismal maps for selected stronger earthquakes in the study area. The complex pattern of longitudinal and transversal major late-orogenic fault zones dissecting early-orogenic thin-skinned tectonic cover in the Kvarner area and the shallow depth to the Moho (Mohorovičić discontinuity) in the Adriatic foreland (southern Istria) are probably responsible for a significant part of wave attenuation and for the anisotropy of attenuation. Regional near-surface attenuation distribution and modelled macroseismic fields point to the conclusion that attenuation properties of rocks in the northwestern External Dinarides are far from isotropic, and the most likely anisotropy sources are the preferential orientations of cracks and fractures under the local tectonic stress field, trapping of waves along major faults (waveguides), and/or attenuation within the fault zones. These results are important for gaining further insight into the attenuation of near-surface crust layers in the northwestern External Dinarides and the associated Adriatic foreland as well as in similar geotectonic settings.

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Markušić, Snježana / Stanko, Davor / Korbar, Tvrtko / et al: Estimation of near-surface attenuation in the tectonically complex contact area of the northwestern External Dinarides and the Adriatic foreland. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Snježana Markušić et al.

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