Quantifying the impact of synoptic circulation patterns on ozone variability in northern China from April to October 2013–2017

Liu, Jingda; Wang, Lili; Li, Mingge; Liao, Zhiheng; Sun, Yang; Song, Tao; Gao, Wenkang; Wang, Yonghong; Li, Yan; Ji, Dongsheng; Hu, Bo; Kerminen, Veli-Matti; Wang, Yuesi; Kulmala, Markku

The characteristics of ozone variations and the impacts of synoptic and local meteorological factors in northern China were quantitatively analyzed during the warm season from 2013 to 2017 based on multi-city in situ ozone and meteorological data as well as meteorological reanalysis. The domain-averaged maximum daily 8 h running average inline-formulaO3 (MDA8 inline-formulaO3) concentration was inline-formula122±11inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3, with an increase rate of 7.88 inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3 yrinline-formula−1, and the three most polluted months were closely related to the variations in the synoptic circulation patterns, which occurred in June (149 inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3), May (138 inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3) and July (132 inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3). A total of 26 weather types (merged into five weather categories) were objectively identified using the Lamb–Jenkinson method. The highly polluted weather categories included the S–W–N directions (geostrophic wind direction diverts from south to north), low-pressure-related weather types (LP) and cyclone type, which the study area controlled by a low-pressure center (C), and the corresponding domain-averaged MDA8 inline-formulaO3 concentrations were 122, 126 and 128 inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3, respectively. Based on the frequency and intensity changes of the synoptic circulation patterns, 39.2 % of the interannual increase in the domain-averaged inline-formulaO3 from 2013 to 2017 was attributed to synoptic changes, and the intensity of the synoptic circulation patterns was the dominant factor. Using synoptic classification and local meteorological factors, the segmented synoptic-regression approach was established to evaluate and forecast daily ozone variability on an urban scale. The results showed that this method is practical in most cities, and the dominant factors are the maximum temperature, southerly winds, relative humidity on the previous day and on the same day, and total cloud cover. Overall, 41 %–63 % of the day-to-day variability in the MDA8 inline-formulaO3 concentrations was due to local meteorological variations in most cities over northern China, except for two cities: QHD (Qinhuangdao) at 34 % and ZZ (Zhengzhou) at 20 %. Our quantitative exploration of the influence of both synoptic and local meteorological factors on interannual and day-to-day ozone variability will provide a scientific basis for evaluating emission reduction measures that have been implemented by the national and local governments to mitigate air pollution in northern China.

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Liu, Jingda / Wang, Lili / Li, Mingge / et al: Quantifying the impact of synoptic circulation patterns on ozone variability in northern China from April to October 2013–2017. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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