Airborne multi-axis DOAS measurements of tropospheric SO 2 plumes in the Po-valley, Italy
During the second FORMAT (FORMaldehyde as A Tracer of oxidation in the troposphere) campaign in 2003 the airborne multi-axis DOAS instrument (AMAXDOAS) performed scattered-light spectroscopic measurements of SO 2 over the city of Mantova and the power plant Porto Tolle, both situated in the Po-valley, Northern Italy. The SO 2 vertical columns and emission flux were derived from two days of measurements, 26 and 27 September 2003. The SO 2 emission flux from the power plant Porto Tolle was calculated to 1.93×10 25 molec s -1 on 26 September and in good agreement with official emission data, which quote 2.25×10 25 molec s -1. On 27 September the measured flux was much lower (3.77×10 24 molec s -1) if ECMWF wind data are used, but of comparable magnitude (2.4×10 25 molec s -1) if the aircraft on-board wind measurements are utilised. Official emission data was 2.07×10 25 molec s -1 indicating only a small change from the previous day. Over the city of Mantova, the observed SO 2 vertical columns were 1.1×10 16 molec cm -2 and 1.9×10 16 molec cm -2 on 26 and 27 September, respectively. This is in good agreement with ground-based measurements of 5.9 ppbv and 10.0 ppbv which correspond to 1.2×10 16 molec cm -2 and 2.2×10 16 molec cm -2 if a well mixed boundary layer of 500m altitude is assumed.