AN IMPROVED AUTOMATIC POINTWISE SEMANTIC SEGMENTATION OF A 3D URBAN SCENE FROM MOBILE TERRESTRIAL AND AIRBORNE LIDAR POINT CLOUDS: A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH
Automatic semantic segmentation of point clouds observed in a 3D complex urban scene is a challenging issue. Semantic segmentation of urban scenes based on machine learning algorithm requires appropriate features to distinguish objects from mobile terrestrial and airborne LiDAR point clouds in point level. In this paper, we propose a pointwise semantic segmentation method based on our proposed features derived from Difference of Normal and the features “directional height above” that compare height difference between a given point and neighbors in eight directions in addition to the features based on normal estimation. Random forest classifier is chosen to classify points in mobile terrestrial and airborne LiDAR point clouds. The results obtained from our experiments show that the proposed features are effective for semantic segmentation of mobile terrestrial and airborne LiDAR point clouds, especially for vegetation, building and ground classes in an airborne LiDAR point clouds in urban areas.