ANALYSIS OF THE RED TIDE OCCURRENCE PATTERN WHEN HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE
In 1982, the red tide caused by Cochlodimium polykrikodies occurred at first in Jinhae Bay in Korea. Since then, it causes serious fisheries damage every year. In 2018, red tide occurred when high water temperature. We analyzed red tide occurrence pattern when high water temperature. Red tide occurrence date, occurrence area caused by the Cochlodinium polykrikoides were used provided by National Institute of Fisheries Science. SST data were used the GHRSST Level 4 OSTIA data provided by NOAA. The red tide occurred July 14 to September 2 in 2013, July 29 to October 4 in 2014, August 5 to September 23 in 2015, and July 23 to August 8 in 2018 in Korea. The nearest SST data from the red tide occurrence area were extracted. When red tide occurred, SST was 22~28 °C in 2013, 23~25 °C in 2014, 21~27 °C in 2015, 26~28 °C in 2018. SST in 2013 was increasing trend and 2015 was downward trend. SST in 2018 occurred at high water temperatures above 25 °C. The spatial pattern by using the self-organizing map (3x3 map), node 4 was the highest frequency (16.9%). It is considered that it appears at the beginning and end of red tide occurrence. Node 1 was 16.3% frequency, it showed at the end of 2014 and 2015. SST of node 1 and 4 maintained 22~23 °C on the southern sea of Korea. Node 9 was 13.9%, which is the late 2013 and 2018. Node 9 showed high temperature pattern of more than 26 °C in the southern sea of Korea.