CLASSIFICATION OF MOBILE TERRESTRIAL LIDAR POINT CLOUD IN URBAN AREA USING LOCAL DESCRIPTORS
Automated analysis of three-dimensional (3D) point clouds has become a boon in Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, Computer Vision, and Robotics. The aim of this paper is to compare classifying algorithms tested on an urban area point cloud acquired by a Mobile Terrestrial Laser Scanning (MTLS) system. The algorithms were tested based on local geometrical and radiometric descriptors. In this study, local descriptors such as linearity, planarity, intensity, etc. are initially extracted for each point by observing their neighbor points. These features are then imported to a classification algorithm to automatically label each point. Here, five powerful classification algorithms including k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN), Gaussian Naive Bayes (GNB), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) Neural Network, and Random Forest (RF) are tested. Eight semantic classes are considered for each method in an equal condition. The best overall accuracy of 90% was achieved with the RF algorithm. The results proved the reliability of the applied descriptors and RF classifier for MTLS point cloud classification.