Effect of compliant linkages on suspension under load

Huang, Hsing-Hui; Chen, Si-Liang

A numerical investigation is performed into the effects of rigid and compliant suspension linkages, respectively, on: the kinematics and handling performance of a lightweight electric vehicle (EV). CAE models of the front and rear suspension systems are first established based on the measured parameters of the target vehicle. The validity of the CAE models is confirmed by comparing the results obtained for the camber angle and kingpin inclination angle with those obtained mathematically using the vector loop method. CAE models are then performed using half-vehicle and whole-vehicle models. Quarter-vehicle simulations are then performed to compare the solutions obtained from the compliance and rigid-body models for the forces acting on the hardpoints of the two suspension systems under pothole impact conditions. Finally, whole-vehicle simulations are conducted using both the rigid-body model and the compliance model to evaluate the handling performance of the EV in impulse steering tests conducted at vehicle speeds of 40, 60 and 80 km h−1, respectively. In general, the results show that the choice of a rigid-body model or a compliance model has a significant effect on the forces computed at some of the hardpoints in the front and rear suspension systems. Furthermore, the rigid-body model predicts a better vehicle body stability following high-speed turns than the compliance model.



Huang, Hsing-Hui / Chen, Si-Liang: Effect of compliant linkages on suspension under load. 2019. Copernicus Publications.


Rechteinhaber: Hsing-Hui Huang

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