The BernClim plant phenological data set from the canton of Bern (Switzerland) 1970–2018

Rutishauser, This; Jeanneret, François; Brügger, Robert; Brugnara, Yuri; Röthlisberger, Christian; Bernasconi, August; Bangerter, Peter; Portenier, Céline; Villiger, Leonie; Lehmann, Daria; Meyer, Lukas; Messerli, Bruno; Brönnimann, Stefan

In 1970, the Institute of Geography of the University of Bern initiated the phenological observation network BernClim. Seasonality information from plants, fog and snow was originally available for applications in urban and regional planning and agricultural and touristic suitability and is now a valuable data set for climate change impact studies. Covering the growing season, volunteer observers record the dates of key development stages of hazel (Corylus avellana), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), apple tree (Pyrus malus) and beech (Fagus sylvatica). All observations consist of detailed site information, including location, altitude, exposition (aspect) and inclination, that makes BernClim unique in its richness in detail on decadal timescales. Quality control (QC) by experts and statistical analyses of the data have been performed to flag impossible dates, dates outside the biologically plausible range, repeated dates in the same year, stretches of consecutive identical dates and statistically inconsistent dates (outliers in time or in space). Here, we report BernClim data of 7414 plant phenological observations from 1970 to 2018 from 1304 sites at 110 stations, the QC procedure and selected applications (Rutishauser et al., 2019: The QC points to very good internal consistency (only 0.2 % were flagged as internally inconsistent) and likely high quality of the data. BernClim data indicate a trend towards an extended growing season. They also track the regime shift in the late 1980s well to pronounced earlier dates like numerous other phenological records across the Northern Hemisphere.



Rutishauser, This / Jeanneret, François / Brügger, Robert / et al: The BernClim plant phenological data set from the canton of Bern (Switzerland) 1970–2018. 2019. Copernicus Publications.


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