IMPLEMENTATION OF 3D CADASTRE WITH INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE CONCEPT OF “ TRI HITA KARANA” IN BALI ISLAND, INDONESIA
Sustainable development consists of the developing process of land, city, business, and community, which can be used for future generation. One of the tools for describing this process is called spatial planning. Spatial planning taking into account several aspects such as the number of plots (2D), vertical rooms or apartment (3D) of buildings and access to transport. The realization of this object requires the application of three-dimensional (3D) cadastre. This is essential for property rights to be registered and not superimposed. Traditionally, the cadastre is based on a representation of the 2D terrestrial division, but the 2D cadastre is not appropriate for applying and modelling information about the products. Some researchers have also discussed the options for transitioning 2D to 2D+ or three-dimensional (3D) registrations. According to Behnam et al (2016), the use of Building Information Model (BIM) as a feasible approach for managing land and property information in the administration of multi-storey buildings. Here, BIM is a technology capable of displaying the building’s in 3D model which can provide any kind of information inside the building. In this research our focus on surveying and mapping the sustainable development of Balinese building structure based on their indigenous knowledge. From survey results, Bali has a unique building structure in land use terminology. Generally, Balinese people use the concept of Tri Hita Karana (relationship of God, Human and Environment) for building their home. Beside, in Bali, there is a local rule that the high of building has limitation of 15 meters or it should has 5 floors. Therefore, this will impact the development future infrastructures such as to build bridge, toll road, apartment, railway and etc. Thus the big challenge in this area is to sustain local culture but technology can be implemented.