Numerical modeling and dynamic characteristics study of coupling vibration of multistage face gearsplanetary transmission
A novel transmission with multistage face gears as the core component achieves variable speeds via differential gear shifting. Single/multistage coupled vibration models have been established in this study to derive the coupled vibration equation in order to accurately solve the load distribution between the meshing teeth and the vibration shock between the shifting stages in the transmission process, improve the transmission smoothness of the face gears during the shifting processing, suppress the resonance of face gears meshing, reduce the noise, and optimize the power transmission performance. The characterization relationships of the key parameters such as equivalent mass, rotational inertia, equivalent mesh stiffness, support stiffness, and meshing damping coefficient to dynamic characteristics were investigated. The linear and nonlinear dynamic characteristics of coupled vibration differential equations were solved. The influence rules of factors such as integrated transmission error, dynamic load, tooth surface friction, loading speed, and load on the transmission system were analyzed. The results of the study provide a theoretical basis for the expansion of field of application of transmission devices.