ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCING FACTORS OF CURVE MATCHING BASED GEOMETRIC CALIBRATION FOR ZY3-02 ALTIMETER DATA
High-precision on-orbit geometric calibration of spaceborne laser altimetry data is essential to its effective applications. Firstly, the existing calibration methods for laser altimeter data are analyzed. Then, a geometric calibration method based on curve matching is proposed. Compared to the existing methods, the proposed method does not rely on ground calibration field. Thus, it is efficiency in expense and time. Notably, three factors, i.e. matching method, initial control point selection and the step size of matching step, which significantly affect the results of calibration are analyzed respectively. The analysis was validated based on the original laser altimetry data obtained by ZY3-02 satellite. According to the results, the following conclusions can be drawn preliminarily: (1) Both the correlation coefficient maximum (COR) criterion and the mean square error minimum (MSD) criterion in the curve matching can be used to correct the systematic error in altimetry data. (2) The initial control points of the selected track should have a significant change trend and the slope within the laser footprints should be less than 15°. (3) Current experimental data show that the best step size for matching search is 10 m. The relevant conclusions can provide reference for the research of geometrical calibration and data processing of the same type of laser altimetry satellite.