FIRE DETECTION BASED ON A SERIES OF THERMAL IMAGES AND POINT MEASUREMENTS: THE CASE STUDY OF COAL-WASTE DUMPS
The development of mining areas is always associated with a huge amount of unused gangue. It is treated as waste that should be disposed of. Most often it is done by creating waste dumps. Unfortunately, in the case of hard coal, such treatments can be dangerous, because the remaining coal can self-heat, what then leads to ignition and fire. These fires are uncontrolled and significantly affect the environment and the health of residents. Areas at risk of fire should be properly secured and its thermal conditions monitored. There are currently many methods available for measuring temperature. The latest and also the most popular are pyrometric and remote sensing methods. For the purposes of analysis, fieldwork on the selected coal-waste dump in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin was made using pyrometric (point measurements) and remote sensing methods (thermal images). A series of photos and measurements were compared over time and space to catch change trends. Differences in the received data were identified. Studies have shown that using only one method helps identify a fire, but does not provide enough information about its structure. Comprehensive monitoring is the best solution.