Synoptic environment related to rapid cyclogenesis in the Eastern Mediterranean
This paper presents first results on the investigation of the synoptic conditions that led to the rapid development of a low-pressure system over the Aegean Sea. Indeed, during the period 21–22 January 2004, a very deep cyclone was observed over the Aegean Sea with a minimum central pressure of ~972 hPa, a value which is among the lowest observed over the entire Mediterranean Sea during the last 40 years. The rapid development was associated with a two-trough system that, under the influence of a very intense upper-level jet, was merged in one and then acquired a negative tilting. Additional information on the mesoscale organisation of the system is given, based on lightning data and space borne microwave and infrared observations.